About Gemstones History.

Peshawar City of Love & Gemstones

Aquamarine
It occurs in the Shigar valley of Baltistan, Chitral, Kaghan and in the Neelam Valley of Azad Kashmir. The Gem is transparent and ranges from sky-blue to sea-green in color. Like the emerald, the Aquamarine belongs to the beryl group and has hexagonal crystalline structure, but is always step cut.
Emerald
It occurs in the Shigar valley of Baltistan, Chitral, Kaghan and in the Neelam Valley of Azad Kashmir. The Gem is transparent and ranges from sky-blue to sea-green in color. Like the emerald, the Aquamarine belongs to the beryl group and has hexagonal crystalline structure, but is always step cut.
Flurite
It is found in Chitral, Dir, Hunza, and Balochistan with the largest deposits occurring in the Northern part of the Koh-e-Mardan range of Kalat. It occurs in discontinuous veins in nearly all types of rocks as clearable, granular and all types of rocks as clearable, granular and fibrous masse. The most common colours are green, yellow and blue, but it is also found in various shades of red of and brown. Ranging from transparent to nearly opaque, it can be facet or cabochon cut.
Garnet
Collective title for a certain family of minerals. They have the same basic structure but all are not of gem quality. The pyrope which is blood red, almandine which is purple and grossularite which is green occur in Dir, Swat, Quetta and Kalat divisions. Garnets are one of the commonest gemstones widely use in jewellery. They can be facet-cut and cabochon.
Lapise Lazuli
It is found in the tribal areas of North West Pakistan and adjacent Afghanistan. It is for a brilliant blue color with golden specks caused by inclusions of iron pyrites. The structure of this opaque stone is extremely complex made upon from a number of different minerals the most important of which are calcite and lazurite.
Peridot
It is an attractive green color gemstone and was known as Topaz in ancient times. It is mostly yellowish green, takes a good polish, suitable specimens has faceted into brilliant stones of high quality.
Ruby
Deposits in Pakistan occur in the rugged and almost inaccessible territories of the hilly regions in the North making mining of this stone is extraordinary difficult. The most extensive ruby deposits in Pakistan are located in the Hunza valley of the Gilgit Agency. The Hunza Ruby is of a transparent deep red variety. The Gem has a gradation of colors ranging from light to deep red. It is seldom without inclusions; almost all rubies contain tiny crystals for foreign matter. Some have a glittering silver web of very fine futile needless which cabochon cut display a six pointed star. The stone being brittle is generally step-cut, whilst the 'star-rubies' are cut end cabochon. After Burma, Hunza is the only other region in the world that has produced "Blood Red ruby.
Tourmaline
It occurs in Chitral, Gilgit, Swat, Dir and Azad Jammu Kashmir. It is found in thin pencil like crystals and comes in a wide variety of colours controlled by the different metallic content. Golden yellow, Golden Brown, very bright line green an tourmalines offer a wide variety to thjewellers repertoire. It is usually transparent and can be facet cut.

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Address: Al Jalil Market, 2nd Floor , Room No. 15-B, Namak Mandi Peshawar
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